What is Islamic Psychology
Islamic psychology (IP) is difficult to define because it is conceptualized in so many ways. It is synonymous with the works of early Muslims scholars like Al-Ghazali, Al-Balkhi, Al-Razi, and others. It is within a sphere that focuses on understanding the nature and structures of the self from an Islamic perspective such as fiṭra (primordial disposition), nafs (self), qalb (heart), rūḥ (soul/spirit), ‘aql (intellect), etc. and also focuses on tazkiyat al-nafs (purification of the self), Islam’s versions of psychology/psychotherapy.
However, one of the easiest ways to describe the kind of Islamic psychology that we use is that it is simply an integration of psychology but underpinned by a worldview and ethical values that are rooted in the Islamic tradition and Islamic framework of Psychotherapy.
Developing and nourishing psychological, spiritual, cognitive and behavioural health are important elements of this process. However, as individuals living in this life(dunya), we are all susceptible to psycho-spiritual distress on occasion. At times, such distress may become significant barriers that can interrupt our optimal functioning and well-being. Seeking support during these times can be instrumental for re-establishing holistic health.
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